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MooMooMath and Science (YouTube Channel)
MooMooMath and Science (Official Website)


air : the mixture of invisible odorless tasteless gases (such as nitrogen and oxygen) that surrounds the earth — Merriam-Webster   See also   OneLook

atmosphere : the gaseous envelope of a celestial body (such as a planet) — Merriam-Webster   See also   OneLook

weather : the state of the atmosphere with respect to heat or cold, wetness or dryness, calm or storm, clearness or cloudiness — Merriam-Webster   See also   OneLook


Atmosphere is the layer of gases, commonly known as air, that surrounds the planet Earth and is retained by Earth’s gravity. The atmosphere of Earth protects life on Earth by creating pressure allowing for liquid water to exist on the Earth’s surface, absorbing ultraviolet solar radiation, warming the surface through heat retention (greenhouse effect), and reducing temperature extremes between day and night (the diurnal temperature variation). — Wikipedia

Atmosphere (Roger A. Pielke, Encyclopædia Britannica)
Earth Atmosphere (Eric Weisstein’s World of Astronomy, Wolfram Research)

Weather is the state of the atmosphere, describing for example the degree to which it is hot or cold, wet or dry, calm or stormy, clear or cloudy. On Earth, most weather phenomena occur in the lowest layer of the planet’s atmosphere, the troposphere, just below the stratosphere. Weather is driven by air pressure, temperature, and moisture differences between one place and another. — Wikipedia

Weather (Encyclopædia Britannica)

Weather (World Meteorological Association)

Weather (Wolfram Alpha)



Talks about Atmosphere (TED: Ideas Worth Spreading)
Articles about Atmosphere (Big Think)




Atmospheric Science is the study of the Earth’s atmosphere and its various inner-working physical processes. Meteorology includes atmospheric chemistry and atmospheric physics with a major focus on weather forecasting. Climatology is the study of atmospheric changes (both long and short-term) that define average climates and their change over time, due to both natural and anthropogenic climate variability. Aeronomy is the study of the upper layers of the atmosphere, where dissociation and ionization are important. Atmospheric science has been extended to the field of planetary science and the study of the atmospheres of the planets and natural satellites of the Solar System. — Wikipedia

Atmospheric Science (Roger A. Pielke, Encyclopædia Britannica)

Atmospheric Sciences (Wolfram Alpha)

Meteorology is a branch of the atmospheric sciences (which include atmospheric chemistry and physics) with a major focus on weather forecasting. — Wikipedia

Meteorology (Encyclopædia Britannica)

Weather & Meteorology (Wolfram Alpha)




The Birth of the Weather Forecast (Peter Moore, BBC)
Chronology of Weather Science (World Meteorological Association)
Weather Forecasting Through the Ages (NASA Earth Observatory)


DDC: 551.5 Meteorology; Climate (Library Thing)
Subject: Atmosphere (Library Thing)

Subject: Atmosphere (Open Library)

LCC: QC 851 Atmosphere (UPenn Online Books)
Subject: Atmosphere (UPenn Online Books)

LCC: QC 851 Atmosphere (Library of Congress)
Subject: Atmosphere (Library of Congress)

Subject: Atmosphere (WorldCat)




Atmosphere (Geography4Kids)

Atmospheric Science (National Association of Geoscience Teachers)
Weather (National Association of Geoscience Teachers)

Weather and Atmosphere (NOAA Sea to Sky Education Resource Database)
Journey Through Air Booklet (National Science Foundation)

MERLOT: Multimedia Educational Resource for Learning and Online Teaching
OER Commons: Open Educational Resources


Atmospheric Science (MIT OpenCourseWare)



Geoscience Career Compass: Atmospheric Sciences (American Geosciences Institute)

Atmospheric and Space Scientists (CareerOneStop, U.S. Department of Labor, Employment and Training Administration)
Atmospheric Scientists, Including Meteorologists (Occupational Outlook Handbook, U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics)


World Meteorological Association
International Association of Meteorology and Atmospheric Sciences
American Meteorological Society


Atmosphere (EurekaAlert, American Association for the Advancement of Science)
Atmospheric and Oceanic Physics ( e-Print Archive)

Atmosphere (JSTOR)
Weather (JSTOR)
Meteorology (JSTOR)


Weather and Meteorology (National Academies Press)


National Oceanic & Atmospheric Administration (NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce)
National Weather Service (NOAA)

National Center for Atmospheric Research (National Science Foundation)


Atmosphere (



Here are links to pages about closely related subjects.

Knowledge Realm

Terrestrial   (Earth)

Sphere Land, Ice, Water (Ocean), Air, Life (Cell, Gene)
Ecosystem Forest, Grassland, Desert, Arctic, Aquatic

Tree of Life
Microorganism Virus
Prokaryote Archaea, Bacteria
Eukaryote Protist, Fungi, Algae, Protozoa (Tardigrade)
Plant Flower, Tree
Cnidaria Coral, Jellyfish
Cephalopod Cuttlefish, Octopus
Crustacean Lobster, Shrimp
Arachnid Spider, Scorpion
Insect Ant, Bee, Beetle, Butterfly
Fish Seahorse, Ray, Shark
Amphibian Frog, Salamander
Reptile Turtle, Tortoise, Dinosaur
Bird Penguin, Ostrich, Owl, Crow, Parrot
Mammal Platypus, Bat, Mouse, Rabbit, Goat, Giraffe, Camel, Horse, Elephant, Mammoth
Walrus, Seal, Polar Bear, Bear, Panda, Cat, Tiger, Lion, Dog, Wolf
Cetacean Whale, Dolphin
Primate Monkey, Chimpanzee, Human


1.   The resources on this page are are organized by a classification scheme developed exclusively for Cosma.