Cosma / Communication / Knowledge / Realm / Terrestrial / Sphere / Water / Ocean


Minute Earth (Neptune Studios, YouTube Channel)
Minute Earth (Official Website)


ocean : the whole body of salt water that covers nearly three fourths of the surface of the earth — Merriam-Webster   See also   OneLook


Roget’s II (Thesaurus.com), Merriam-Webster Thesaurus, Visuwords


Ocean is a body of saline water that composes much of a planet’s hydrosphere. On Earth, an ocean is one of the major conventional divisions of the World Ocean, which covers almost 71% of its surface. These are, in descending order by area, the Pacific, Atlantic, Indian, Southern (Antarctic), and Arctic Oceans. The word sea is often used interchangeably with “ocean” in American English but, strictly speaking, a sea is a body of saline water (generally a division of the world ocean) partly or fully enclosed by land. — Wikipedia

Ocean (Encyclopædia Britannica)

Oceans (National Geographic)

Ocean (Eric Weisstein’s World of Astronomy, Wolfram Research)


Ocean (Wolfram Alpha)



Talks about Ocean (TED: Ideas Worth Spreading)
Articles about Ocean (Big Think)




Oceanography, also known as oceanology and ocean science, is the scientific study of the oceans. It is an important Earth science, which covers a wide range of topics, including ecosystem dynamics; ocean currents, waves, and geophysical fluid dynamics; plate tectonics and the geology of the sea floor; and fluxes of various chemical substances and physical properties within the ocean and across its boundaries. These diverse topics reflect multiple disciplines that oceanographers utilize to glean further knowledge of the world ocean, including astronomy, biology, chemistry, climatology, geography, geology, hydrology, meteorology and physics. — Wikipedia

Oceanography (Encyclopædia Britannica)

Earth Science Resources (YouTube Channel)
Earth Science Resources (Facebook)

Oceanography (Wolfram Alpha)




Waterworld: How the Ocean Made Us Who We Are (Deborah Cramer and Javier Zarracina, Boston Globe)
How the Seas Shape Civilizations (Eric Tagliacozzo, Cornell University)


The Sant Ocean Hall (Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History)
Oceans: Find Your Blue (Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History)


DDC: 551.46 Oceans (Library Thing)
Subject: Ocean (Library Thing)

Subject: Ocean (Open Library)

LCC: GC 21 Oceanography (UPenn Online Books)
Subject: Ocean (UPenn Online Books)

LCC: GC 21 Oceanography (Library of Congress)
Subject: Ocean (Library of Congress)

Subject: Ocean (WorldCat)




Marine Biology (Ology, American Museum of Natural History)

Know Your Ocean (Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution)
Exploring the Ocean with ALVIN (National Science Foundation)

Ocean Literacy Network (NOAA, National Geographic Society, Marine Educator Association)
Ocean Literacy (National Marine Educator Association)
Oceans and Coasts (NOAA Sea to Sky Education Resource Database)
Bridge Ocean Science Education Resources (Sea Grant)

Oceans and Coasts Education (National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration)
Oceans and Coasts (United States Geological Survey)
Oceans Education (National Geographic)
Oceans Education (Encounter Edu)
Oceanography Resource Guide for Water Studies (Don Huie, iSpring Water Filter)2

MERLOT: Multimedia Educational Resource for Learning and Online Teaching
OER Commons: Open Educational Resources


NSF (YouTube Channel)

Environmental Studies at Woods Hole and at Sea (Sea Education Association)

Oceanography (MIT OpenCourseWare)
Oceanography (edX)



USA.Gov (YouTube Channel)
USA.Gov (Official Website)

What does an Oceanographer Do? (NOAA)
Geoscience Career Compass: Ocean Sciences (American Geosciences Institute)


International Association for the Physical Sciences of the Oceans
Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution
Scripps Institution of Oceanography
The Oceanography Society
Institute of Marine Engineering, Science and Technology


Ocean Exploration in the News (NOAA Ocean Explorer)
Oceanography (EurekaAlert, American Association for the Advancement of Science)
Atmospheric and Oceanic Physics (arXiv.org e-Print Archive)
Oceanography (JSTOR)
Oceanography (Science News)
Oceanography (Science Daily)


Ocean Studies (National Academies Press)


Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission (United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization)
International Oceanographic Data and Information Exchange” (IODE)

National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce)
Oceanography (National Aeronautics and Space Administration)
Coastal and Marine Geology Program (United States Geological Survey)
Division of Ocean Sciences (National Science Foundation)


Oceanography (USA.gov)



Here are links to pages about closely related subjects.

Knowledge Realm

Terrestrial   (Earth)

Sphere Land, Ice, Water (Ocean), Air, Life (Cell, Gene)
Ecosystem Forest, Grassland, Desert, Arctic, Aquatic

Tree of Life
Microorganism Virus
Prokaryote Archaea, Bacteria
Eukaryote Protist, Fungi, Algae, Protozoa (Tardigrade)
Plant Flower, Tree
Cnidaria Coral, Jellyfish
Cephalopod Cuttlefish, Octopus
Crustacean Lobster, Shrimp
Arachnid Spider, Scorpion
Insect Ant, Bee, Beetle, Butterfly
Fish Seahorse, Ray, Shark
Amphibian Frog, Salamander
Reptile Turtle, Tortoise, Dinosaur
Bird Penguin, Ostrich, Owl, Crow, Parrot
Mammal Platypus, Bat, Mouse, Rabbit, Goat, Giraffe, Camel, Horse, Elephant, Mammoth
Walrus, Seal, Polar Bear, Bear, Panda, Cat, Tiger, Lion, Dog, Wolf
Cetacean Whale, Dolphin
Primate Monkey, Chimpanzee, Human


1.   The resources on this page are are organized by a classification scheme developed exclusively for Cosma.

2.   Thank you for the link to the resource Chelsea and Dorothy! 🙂