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That is Information


These are organized by a classification scheme developed exclusively for Cosma. More…



information : (1) a signal or character (as in a communication system or computer) representing data (2) something (such as a message, experimental data, or a picture) which justifies change in a construct (such as a plan or theory) that represents physical or mental experience or another construct — Webster

Free Dictionary, Wiktionary, OneLook


Roget’s II (, Merriam-Webster Thesaurus, Visuwords


Information is expressed either as the content of a message or through direct or indirect observation. That which is perceived can be construed as a message in its own right, and in that sense, information is always conveyed as the content of a message. Information can be encoded into various forms for transmission and interpretation (for example, information may be encoded into a sequence of signs, or transmitted via a signal). It can also be encrypted for safe storage and communication. Information can be transmitted in time, via data storage, and space, via communication and telecommunication. — Wikipedia

Encyclopædia Britannica



Information theory is the study of the quantification, storage, and communication of information. The field is at the intersection of probability theory, statistics, computer science, statistical mechanics, information engineering, and electrical engineering. — Wikipedia

Tech Icons Claude Shannon

Claude E. Shannon (IEEE Information Theory Society)
A Short Course in Information Theory (David J.C. MacKay)


Information system (IS) is a formal, sociotechnical, organizational system designed to collect, process, store, and distribute information. From a sociotechnical perspective, information systems are composed by four components: task, people, structure (or roles), and technology. Information systems can be defined as an integration of components for collection, storage and processing of data of which the data is used to provide information, contribute to knowledge as well as digital products that facilitate decision making. — Wikipedia

Welcome to Information Systems

Information Systems Course (Gregory Gardner, Modern States)
Information Systems (Open Textbook Network)



Information Science is a field which is primarily concerned with analysis, collection, classification, manipulation, storage, retrieval, movement, dissemination, and protection of information. — Wikipedia

What is Information Science (Association for Information Science and Technology)
Information Sciences Virtual Library (University of Illinois Library)
IS Education and Training (Information Science Virtual Library, University of Illinois Library)
Information Science (OER Commons)


Information Technology : the technology involving the development, maintenance, and use of computer systems, software, and networks for the processing and distribution of data — Webster

Information and Communications Technology (ICT) : consists of all technical means used to handle information and aid communication, including computer and network hardware, communication middleware as well as necessary software. In other words, ICT consists of IT as well as telephony, broadcast media, all types of audio and video processing and transmission and network based control and monitoring functions — Webster

Information Technology

See also Information Technology



James Gleick The Information A History, a Theory, a Flood (Talks at Google)

James Gleick’s History of Information (Geoffrey Nunberg, New York Times)
The Information: A History, a Theory, a Flood. (James Gleick)


Quotations Page


WorldCat, Library of Congress, UPenn Online Books, Open Library



Information society is a society in which the creation, distribution, diffusion, use, integration and manipulation of information is a significant economic, political, and cultural activity. The knowledge economy is its economic counterpart whereby wealth is created through the economic exploitation of understanding. People that have the means to partake in this form of society are sometimes called digital citizens. — Wikipedia

New Bill Of Rights of Information Society (Raj Reddy)


Information Week







InformationWeek: InformationWeek: Connecting the Business Technology Community