Mercury

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General

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Solar System Exploration: Mercury (NASA)
Mercury Portal (Wikipedia)

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Mercury : the planet nearest the sun — Webster

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Mercury is the innermost and smallest planet in the Solar System, orbiting the Sun once every 87.969 Earth days. The orbit of Mercury has the highest eccentricity of all the Solar System planets, and it has the smallest axial tilt. It completes three rotations about its axis for every two orbits. Mercury is bright when viewed from Earth, ranging from −2.3 to 5.7 in apparent magnitude, but is not easily seen as its greatest angular separation from the Sun is only 28.3°. Since Mercury is normally lost in the glare of the Sun, unless there is a solar eclipse it can be viewed from Earth’s Northern Hemisphere only in morning or evening twilight, while its extreme elongations occur in declinations south of the celestial equator, such that it can be seen at favorable apparitions from moderate latitudes in the Southern Hemisphere in a fully dark sky. — Wikipedia

Mercury (Eric Weisstein’s World of Astronomy, Wolfram Research)
Encyclopædia Britannica

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Spacecraft Crashes into Mercury at Insane Speed (Nadia Drake, National Geographic)
Messenger’s final image before crashing into the surface of Mercury (Michelle Starr, CNET)

MESSENGER Mission (NASA)
MESSENGER Mission (NASA)

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All About Mercury (Space Place, NASA)
Mercury (Cosmos4Kids)

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Mercury News -- ScienceDaily Planet Mercury News. Read science articles and see images of Mercury.

  • Mercury's scorching daytime heat may help it make...
    on March 13, 2020 at 7:53 pm

    Despite Mercury's 400-degree Celsius daytime heat, there is ice at its caps. And now a study shows how that Vulcan scorch probably helps the planet closest to the sun make some of that ice.

  • Mercury has a solid inner core: New evidence
    on April 17, 2019 at 5:00 pm

    Scientists have long known that Earth and Mercury have metallic cores. Like Earth, Mercury's outer core is composed of liquid metal, but there have only been hints that Mercury's innermost core is solid. Now, in a new study, scientists report evidence that Mercury's inner core is indeed solid and that it is very nearly the same size as Earth's solid inner core.

  • The true power of the solar wind
    on June 12, 2018 at 2:57 pm

    The planets and moons of our solar system are continuously being bombarded by particles from the sun. On the Moon or on Mercury, the uppermost layer of rock is gradually eroded by the impact of sun particles. New results show that previous models of this process are incomplete. The effects of solar wind bombardment are much more drastic than previously thought.

  • Mercury's thin, dense crust
    on April 27, 2018 at 2:03 pm

    A planetary scientist has used careful mathematical calculations to determine the density of Mercury's crust, which is thinner than anyone thought.

  • Meteorite diamonds tell of a lost planet
    on April 18, 2018 at 6:48 pm

    Scientists have examined a slice from a meteorite that contains large diamonds formed at high pressure. The study shows that the parent body from which the meteorite came was a planetary embryo of a size between Mercury and Mars.


Phys.org - latest science and technology news stories Phys.org internet news portal provides the latest news on science including: Physics, Nanotechnology, Life Sciences, Space Science, Earth Science, Environment, Health and Medicine.

  • Warped space-time to help WFIRST find exoplanets
    on March 31, 2020 at 1:51 pm

    NASA's Wide Field Infrared Survey Telescope (WFIRST) will search for planets outside our solar system toward the center of our Milky Way galaxy, where most stars are. Studying the properties of exoplanet worlds will help us understand what planetary systems throughout the galaxy are like and how planets form and evolve.

  • ESA to conduct BepiColombo flyby amid coronavirus...
    on March 31, 2020 at 11:46 am

    Controllers at ESA's mission control center are preparing for a gravity-assist flyby of the European-Japanese Mercury explorer BepiColombo. The maneuver, which will see the mission adjust its trajectory by harnessing Earth's gravitational pull as it swings past the planet, will be performed amid restrictions ESA has implemented in response to the coronavirus pandemic.

  • Revisiting decades-old Voyager 2 data, scientists...
    on March 26, 2020 at 12:12 pm

    Eight and a half years into its grand tour of the solar system, NASA's Voyager 2 spacecraft was ready for another encounter. It was Jan. 24, 1986, and soon it would meet the mysterious seventh planet, icy-cold Uranus.

  • Subsurface Mercury: Window to ancient, possibly...
    on March 17, 2020 at 2:16 pm

    New research raises the possibility that some parts of Mercury's subsurface, and those of similar planets in the galaxy, once could have been capable of fostering prebiotic chemistry, and perhaps even simple life forms, according to a paper by a team led by Planetary Science Institute Research Scientist Alexis Rodriguez.

  • Mercury's 400 C heat may help it make its own ice
    on March 13, 2020 at 9:35 pm

    It is already hard to believe that there is ice on Mercury, where daytime temperatures reach 400 degrees Celsius, or 750 degrees Fahrenheit. Now an upcoming study says that the Vulcan heat on the planet closest to the sun likely helps make some of that ice.