Tree of Life
Plant Flower, Tree
Invertebrate Octopus, Ant, Bee, Butterfly, Spider, Lobster
Vertebrate Fish, Seahorse, Ray, Shark, Frog, Turtle, Tortoise, Dinosaur
Bird, Ostrich, Owl, Crow, Parrot
Mammal Bat, Rabbit, Giraffe, Camel, Horse, Elephant, Mammoth
Whale, Dolphin, Walrus, Seal, Polar Bear, Bear, Cat, Tiger, Lion, Dog, Wolf
Monkey, Chimpanzee, Human
These are organized by a classification scheme developed exclusively for Cosma. More…
life : an organismic state characterized by capacity for metabolism, growth, reaction to stimuli, and reproduction — Webster
Life is a characteristic distinguishing physical entities having biological processes, such as signaling and self-sustaining processes, from those that do not, either because such functions have ceased, or because they never had such functions and are classified as inanimate. Various forms of life exist, such as plants, animals, fungi, protists, archaea, and bacteria. The criteria can at times be ambiguous and may or may not define viruses, viroids, or potential artificial life as “living”. Biology is the primary science concerned with the study of life, although many other sciences are involved.
The definition of life is controversial. The current definition is that organisms maintain homeostasis, are composed of cells, undergo metabolism, can grow, adapt to their environment, respond to stimuli, and reproduce. However, many other biological definitions have been proposed, and there are some borderline cases of life, such as viruses. Properties common to all organisms include the need for certain core chemical elements to sustain biochemical functions. — Wikipedia
Biosphere also known as the ecosphere, is the worldwide sum of all ecosystems. It can also be termed the zone of life on Earth, a closed system (apart from solar and cosmic radiation and heat from the interior of the Earth), and largely self-regulating. By the most general biophysiological definition, the biosphere is the global ecological system integrating all living beings and their relationships, including their interaction with the elements of the lithosphere, geosphere, cryosphere, hydrosphere, and atmosphere. — Wikipedia
Life sciences comprise the branches of science that involve the scientific study of life and organisms – such as microorganisms, plants, and animals including human beings. — Wikipedia
Biology is the natural science that studies life and living organisms, including their physical structure, chemical processes, molecular interactions, physiological mechanisms, development and evolution. Despite the complexity of the science, there are certain unifying concepts that consolidate it into a single, coherent field. Biology recognizes the cell as the basic unit of life, genes as the basic unit of heredity, and evolution as the engine that propels the creation and extinction of species. Living organisms are open systems that survive by transforming energy and decreasing their local entropy to maintain a stable and vital condition defined as homeostasis. — Wikipedia
Biosphere: A Big Ball of Life (Geography4Kids)
Biology Basics (Biology4Kids)
Life Sciences (TED Ed)
Great Sites for Kids (ALA)
Science Projects in Biology, Natural History and Agriculture (Library of Congress)
EurekAlert! - Biology The premier online source for science news since 1996. A service of the American Association for the Advancement of Science.
- Study uncovers human-to-cat transmission of the...on April 23, 2021 at 4:00 am
(Wiley) New research provides evidence that people have transmitted SARS-CoV-2, the virus that causes COVID-19, to cats during the pandemic in the UK. The study, which is published in Veterinary Record, detected the virus last year in cats that developed mild or severe respiratory disease.
- UMD sows the seeds of conscious living, wins the...on April 22, 2021 at 4:00 am
(University of Maryland) University of Maryland (UMD) was named one of ten winners worldwide for their stunning self-sustaining eco-restoration base, Ripple. As winners of the LAGI International Design Challenge, the team will build Ripple this summer on the Fly Ranch in the Nevada desert, part of the Burning Man Project. Ripple will be a flexible space to regenerate native plant diversity and ecological wisdom, paying equal homage to the land and the indigenous tribes who once lived there.
- Stress test finds cracks in the resistance of...on April 22, 2021 at 4:00 am
(John Innes Centre) Research has identified critical factors that enable dangerous bacteria to spread disease by surviving on surfaces in hospitals and kitchens.
- Finding new life for wine-grape residueon April 22, 2021 at 4:00 am
(University of California - Davis) New research from food scientists at the University of California, Davis, finds a wealth of potentially health-enhancing compounds and sugar molecules called oligosaccharides within chardonnay wine-grape pomace.
- Updated results on coronavirus vaccination...on April 22, 2021 at 4:00 am
(Clalit Research Institute) Study of 1.4 Million patients demonstrates high vaccine effectiveness of 95-96% 7 days following second Pfizer-BioNTech vaccine dose. Vaccine also effective in patients suffering from Multiple Chronic Illnesses, though higher residual risk may remain in these patients.
Biology News - Evolution, Cell theory, Gene theory, Microbiology, Biotechnology Read the latest science news from Phys.org on biology, evolution, microbiology, biotechnology
- New species of dumbo octopus identified using...on April 23, 2021 at 12:00 am
A new species of deep-sea dwelling dumbo octopus called Grimpoteuthis imperator sp. nov. has been described using a combination of MRI, micro-CT and minimally invasive gene analysis rather than traditional dissection methods. The findings are presented in the open access journal BMC Biology.
- Ancient Indigenous forest gardens promote a...on April 22, 2021 at 7:58 pm
A new study by Simon Fraser University historical ecologists finds that Indigenous-managed forests—cared for as "forest gardens"—contain more biologically and functionally diverse species than surrounding conifer-dominated forests and create important habitat for animals and pollinators. The findings are published today in Ecology and Society.
- Toxic masculinity: Y chromosome contributes to a...on April 22, 2021 at 6:00 pm
Males may have shorter lifespans than females due to repetitive sections of the Y chromosome that create toxic effects as males get older. These new findings appear in a study by Doris Bachtrog of the University of California, Berkeley published April 22 in PLOS Genetics.
- Stress test finds cracks in the resistance of...on April 22, 2021 at 5:04 pm
Research has identified critical factors that enable dangerous bacteria to spread disease by surviving on surfaces in hospitals and kitchens.
- BioRescue creates four new northern white rhino...on April 22, 2021 at 4:53 pm
The international consortium of scientists and conservationists working towards preventing the extinction of the northern white rhino through advanced assisted reproduction technologies is pleased to announce that in March and April 2021, four additional northern white rhino embryos were produced.
Scientific American Science news and technology updates from Scientific American
- Beehives Are Held Together by Their Mutual Gut...by Shahla Farzan on April 20, 2021 at 2:00 pm
New research shows that members of a bee colony all have the same gut microbiome, which controls their smell—and thus their ability to separate family from foe. -- Read more on ScientificAmerican.com
- These Endangered Birds Are Forgetting Their Songsby Christopher Intagliata on April 16, 2021 at 12:00 pm
Australia’s critically endangered regent honeyeaters are losing what amounts to their culture—and that could jeopardize their success at landing a mate. -- Read more on ScientificAmerican.com
- Brood X Cicadas Could Cause a Bird Baby Boomby Jillian Mock on April 9, 2021 at 10:45 am
Billions of emerging insects will likely trigger predator population surges—but some species mysteriously opt out of such bounties -- Read more on ScientificAmerican.com
- How a Carnivorous Mushroom Poisons Its Preyby Jennifer Frazer on April 8, 2021 at 7:00 pm
Scientists have known for decades that oyster mushrooms feasted on roundworms—and they’ve finally figured out how their toxins work -- Read more on ScientificAmerican.com
- What Monkeys Can Teach Humans about Resilience...by Lydia Denworth on April 8, 2021 at 4:45 pm
Following Hurricane Maria, a Puerto Rican colony of rhesus macaques broadened their social networks. Could humans do the same post-COVID? -- Read more on ScientificAmerican.com