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These are organized by form and function.

Communications Computation Storage Authoring Simulation
Analog Mail Device Paper Typewriter Automaton
Electronic Network Calculator Tape Recorder Elektro
Digital Internet Computer
Hardware Modem Microprocessor Memory Peripheral Robot, XR
Software Service (Web) Program (OS) Database Application AI, World

These are types of media formats.

Multimedia (Video, Animation), Image (Object), Scent, Flavor, Audio (Text), Haptic, “Other

See also Quantum Computer


These are organized by a classification scheme developed exclusively for Cosma. More…



Computer Science: A Guide to Web Resources (U. of Albany, SUNY)


computer : one that computes; specifically : a programmable usually electronic device that can store, retrieve, and process data — Webster

Computer Dictionaries Directory (CompInfo – The Computer Information Center), FOLDOC: Free Online Dictionary of Computing, OneLook, Free Dictionary, Wiktionary


Roget’s II (, Merriam-Webster Thesaurus, Visuwords


Computer is a general purpose device which can be programmed to carry out a finite set of arithmetic or logical operations. Since a sequence of operations can be readily changed, the computer can solve more than one kind of problem. — Wikipedia

David Darling’s Internet Encyclopedia of Science, Encyclopædia Britannica


Inside your computer lesson (Bettina Bair, TEDEd)


Outline of Computer Science (Wikipedia)


WolframAlpha, DuckDuckGo



IEEE Annals of the History of Computing
Computer History (I-Programmer) (People, Machines)


List of Computer Museums (Wikipedia)


WorldCat, Library of Congress, UPenn Online Books, Open Library


Computer Bibliography (CompInfo – The Computer Information Center)


Hour of


K-12 Computer Science Framework

Computer Science Teachers Association
Special Interest Group on Computer Science Education (ACM SIGCSE)


MIT OCW Electrical Engineering and Computer Science
OER Commons: Open Educational Resources



Computer and Information Scientist (US Occupational Outlook Handbook)


Association for Computing Machinery (ACM)


Important Publications in CS (Wikipedia)
Association for Computing Machinery (ACM)
EurekAlert (AAAS), Scientific American, Science News
CNET: The Computer Network, Computer World, Computer User







How to Criticize Computer Scientists: Humorous essay outlining how to effectively insult a computer scientist (Douglas E. Comer, Purdue University)
How To Destroy Your Computer: Step-by-step instructions
Computer Stupidities



SIGGRAPH 2019 Computer Animation Festival


OEDILF: The Omnificent English Dictionary In Limerick Form



See also Quantum Computer



Communications of the ACM: Computer Systems The latest news, opinion and research in computer systems, from Communications online.

  • Researchers Criticize AI Software That Predicts...
    on December 13, 2019 at 5:00 pm

    The AI Now Institute at New York University is urging a ban on the use of artificial intelligence that automatically analyzes facial expressions to influence hiring and other decisions.

  • 2019 ACM Fellows Recognized for Far-Reaching...
    on December 13, 2019 at 5:00 pm

    ACM has recognized 58 members by naming them 2019 ACM Fellows for their contributions to areas that underpin the defining technologies of the digital age. 

  • Japanese Researchers Teaching Robots to Repair...
    on December 12, 2019 at 4:55 pm

    Researchers have demonstrated how to teach a PR2 robot to perform simple repairs on itself by tightening its own screws. 

  • Amazon Rolls Out Quantum-Computing Service
    on December 10, 2019 at 4:34 pm

    Amazon Web Services has launched a platform that lets enterprise customers explore how they could benefit from quantum computers by developing and testing quantum algorithms in simulations.

  • Hand-Tracking Tech Watches Riders in Self-Driving...
    on December 9, 2019 at 5:00 pm

    Researchers have developed a hand-tracking system to determine how long it would take a driver to assume control of a self-driving car in an emergency.

EurekAlert! - Technology, Engineering and Computer Science The premier online source for science news since 1996. A service of the American Association for the Advancement of Science.

  • Uranium chemistry and geological disposal of...
    on December 16, 2019 at 5:00 am

    (Diamond Light Source) A new paper to be published on Dec. 16 provides a significant new insight into our understanding of uranium biogeochemistry and could help with the UK's nuclear legacy. The recent study is the first time that researchers have shown that a uranium-sulfide complex can form under conditions representative of a deep underground environment. This complex then transforms further into highly immobile uranium oxide nanoparticles.

  • A self-cleaning surface that repels even the...
    on December 13, 2019 at 5:00 am

    (McMaster University) A team of researchers at McMaster University has developed a self-cleaning surface that can repel all forms of bacteria, preventing the transfer of antibiotic-resistant superbugs and other dangerous bacteria in settings ranging from hospitals to kitchens.

  • Success in metabolically engineering marine algae...
    on December 13, 2019 at 5:00 am

    (Kobe University) A research group led by Professor HASUNUMA Tomohisa of Kobe University's Engineering Biology Research Center have succeeded in synthesizing the natural pigment astaxanthin using the fast-growing marine cyanobacterium Synechococcus sp. PCC7002. It is hoped that this development could be utilized to meet the demand for natural astaxanthin in the pharmaceutical and nutritional industries, amongst others, in the future.

  • New assay assesses multiple cellular pathways at...
    on December 13, 2019 at 5:00 am

    (Baylor College of Medicine) A novel technological approach developed by researchers at Baylor College of Medicine expands from 2 to 6 the number of molecular pathways that can be studied simultaneously in a cell sample with the dual luciferase assay, a type of testing method commonly used across biomedical fields.

  • Neural network for elderly care could save...
    on December 13, 2019 at 5:00 am

    (Aalto University) A deep neural network model helps predict healthcare visits by elderly people, with the potential to save millions

Scientific American Science news and technology updates from Scientific American