Computer

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Spotlight



Rodent Mind Meld: Scientists Wire Two Rats’ Brains Together (Greg Miller, Wired)
One rat brain ‘talks’ to another using electronic link (Jen Whyntie BBC Radio Science Unit)

Resources

These are organized by a classification scheme developed exclusively for Cosma. More…

General

Portal

CompInfo – The Computer Information Center
Computer Science: A Guide to Web Resources (U. of Albany, SUNY)

Dictionary

computer : one that computes; specifically : a programmable usually electronic device that can store, retrieve, and process data — Webster

Computer Dictionaries Directory (CompInfo – The Computer Information Center), FOLDOC: Free Online Dictionary of Computing
Oxford, OneLook, Free Dictionary, Wiktionary, InfoPlease, Word Reference, Urban Dictionary

Thesaurus

Roget’s II (Thesaurus.com), Merriam-Webster Thesaurus, Visuwords

Encyclopedia

Computer is a general purpose device which can be programmed to carry out a finite set of arithmetic or logical operations. Since a sequence of operations can be readily changed, the computer can solve more than one kind of problem. — Wikipedia

David Darling’s Internet Encyclopedia of Science, Britannica, Columbia (Infoplease)

Introduction

Introduction to computers (Microsoft)

Outline

Outline of Computer Science (Wikipedia)

Directory

DMOZ Open Directory Project (AOL)

Search

WolframAlpha, DuckDuckGo

Preservation

Check out Cosma’s sister site for a lot more information on this!
NEW Computer Museum

History

IEEE Annals of the History of Computing

Museum

List of Computer Museums (Wikipedia)

Library

WorldCat, Library of Congress, UPenn Online Books, Open Library

Bibliography

Computer Bibliography (CompInfo – The Computer Information Center)

Participation

Education


Hour of Code.org

Course

Introduction to Computer Science I (David J. Malan, Harvard)
MIT OCW Electrical Engineering and Computer Science
OER Commons: Open Educational Resources
Open Education Consortium

Community

Occupation

Computer and Information Scientist (US Occupational Outlook Handbook)

Organization

Association for Computing Machinery (ACM)

Event

Conference Alerts Worldwide (Conal)

Forum

Reddit

Blog

WordPress

News

Important Publications in CS (Wikipedia)
Association for Computing Machinery (ACM)
EurekAlert (AAAS), Scientific American, Science News
CNET: The Computer Network, Computer World, Computer User

Book

ISBNdb

Government

Document

USA.gov

Expression

Fun


Arts


Poem

OEDILF: The Omnificent English Dictionary In Limerick Form

Future


The Future of Computing (Special Edition, Science Times, The New York Times)

returntotop

More…

Association for Computing Machinery, Computer Systems


EurekAlert, technology and computer science (AAAS)
  • Construction begins on the world's first super telescope May 26, 2017 4:00 am
    (University of Oxford) Scientists are a step closer to understanding the inner-workings of the universe following the laying of the first stone, and construction starting on the world's largest optical and infrared telescope.With a main mirror 39 meters in diameter, the Extremely Large Telescope, is going to be, as its name suggests, enormous. Unlike any other before it, ELT is also designed to be an adaptive telescope and has the ability to correct atmospheric turbulence, taking telescope engineering to another level.
  • 'Tiny clocks' crystallize understanding of meteorite crashes May 26, 2017 4:00 am
    (University of Western Ontario) Scientists from Western University and the University of Portsmouth are using new imaging techniques to measure the atomic nanostructure of ancient crystal fragments at meteorite impact sites. The end goal? To understand when impacts ended and life began.
  • Conch shells may inspire better helmets, body armor May 26, 2017 4:00 am
    (Massachusetts Institute of Technology) MIT engineers have uncovered the secret to the exceptional toughness of conch shells, and say the same principles can be used for body armor and helmets.
  • Chemical array draws out malignant cells to guide individualized cancer treatment May 26, 2017 4:00 am
    (University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign) Melanoma is a particularly difficult cancer to treat once it has metastasized, spreading throughout the body. University of Illinois researchers are using chemistry to find the deadly, elusive malignant cells within a melanoma tumor that hold the potential to spread. Once found, the stemlike metastatic cells can be cultured and screened for their response to a variety of anti-cancer drugs, providing the patient with an individualized treatment plan based on their own cells.
  • CCNY-UTEP partner to produce next generation Latino professors May 26, 2017 4:00 am
    (City College of New York) The City College of New York is partnering with the University of Texas at El Paso to educate the next generation of Hispanic professors in environmental sciences and engineering. Entitled 'Collaborative Research: The Hispanic AGEP Alliance for the Environmental Science and Engineering Professoriate,' the five-year project is funded by a $3.7 million grant from the National Science Foundation. It begins July 1, 2017.
  • Tornado spawning Eastern US storms examined by NASA's GPM satellite May 26, 2017 4:00 am
    (NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center) On Wednesday May 24, 2017, severe weather affected a large area of the eastern United States. That's when the Global Precipitation Measurement mission or GPM core satellite passed over the area and found extremely heavy rainfall and towering clouds in the system.
  • No green light for latest traffic light app following expert evaluation May 26, 2017 4:00 am
    (University of Huddersfield) Psychologist Dr Kyle Wilson takes a 'human look' at a new vehicle traffic light app ahead of plans to introduce similar devices into 'connected vehicles'
  • New £3.5 million microscope and ion accelerator now operational May 26, 2017 4:00 am
    (University of Huddersfield) THE completion of a £3.5 million research facility means that the University of Huddersfield is established as one of Europe's leading centres for the use of ion beams as a tool for the investigation of issues ranging from nuclear technology and nanoparticles to semiconductors and the effects of radiation exposure on materials in space.
  • Laptops and tablets in the classroom: How to integrate electronic devices in the university May 26, 2017 4:00 am
    (University of Seville) For the authors, the high correlation between student tablet use and greater activity on social networks is worrying. They define this devices as a double-edged sword, as they can be the Trojan horse in which online entertainment invades the classroom in a massive way.
  • Nagoya University researchers break down plastic waste May 26, 2017 4:00 am
    (Nagoya University) Nagoya University team develops ruthenium catalysts to hydrogenate inert amide bonds under mild conditions. Molecular design of the catalyst framework promotes a key step of the reaction, the transfer of hydrogen to the amide, to greatly improve reactivity. This new low-energy approach may enable designer peptide synthesis and facilitate break down of plastic waste into more useful compounds.
  • New photocatalyst speeds up the conversion of carbon dioxide into chemical resources May 26, 2017 4:00 am
    (DGIST (Daegu Gyeongbuk Institute of Science and Technology)) A new oxygen-deficient titanium dioxide prepared with Mg reduction method drastically improves the carbon dioxide conversion efficiency up to three times the efficiency of existing photocatalyst. It is expected to be applied for carbon dioxide resources and reduction technology.
  • Study takes step toward mass-producible quantum computers May 26, 2017 4:00 am
    (Massachusetts Institute of Technology) Study takes step toward mass-producible quantum computers.
  • Fungal enzymes team up to more efficiently break down cellulose May 26, 2017 4:00 am
    (DOE/Joint Genome Institute) Cost-effectively breaking down bioenergy crops into sugars that can then be converted into fuel is a barrier to commercially producing sustainable biofuels. Bioenergy researchers are looking to fungi for help; collectively, they can break down almost any substance on earth, including plant biomass. Enabled by US Department of Energy Office of Science User Facilities, a team reports for the first time that early lineages of fungi can form enzyme complexes capable of degrading plant biomass.
  • Mind-controlled device helps stroke patients retrain brains to move paralyzed hands May 26, 2017 4:00 am
    (Washington University School of Medicine) Stroke patients who learned to use their minds to open and close a plastic brace fitted over their paralyzed hands gained some ability to control their own hands when they were not wearing the brace, according to a new study from Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis. The participants, all of whom had moderate to severe paralysis, showed significant improvement in grasping objects.
  • Penn State DNA ladders: Inexpensive molecular rulers for DNA research May 26, 2017 4:00 am
    (Penn State) New license-free tools will allow researchers to estimate the size of DNA fragments for a fraction of the cost of currently available methods. The tools, called a DNA ladders, can gauge DNA fragments ranging from about 50 to 5,000 base pairs in length.
  • Designer viruses stimulate the immune system to fight cancer May 26, 2017 4:00 am
    (Université de Genève) Swiss scientists from the University of Geneva, Switzerland, and the University of Basel have created artificial viruses that can be used to target cancer. These designer viruses alert the immune system and cause it to send killer cells to help fight the tumor. The results, published in the journal Nature Communications, provide a basis for innovative cancer treatments.
  • New cellular target may put the brakes on cancer's ability to spread May 26, 2017 4:00 am
    (Johns Hopkins University) Researchers have discovered a biochemical signaling process that causes densely packed cancer cells to break away from a tumor and spread the disease elsewhere in the body.
  • Ontario town's 10-year, $2.7 million effort to save endangered turtles offers global lessons, template May 26, 2017 4:00 am
    (Terry Collins Assoc) With C$2.7 million in government and private funding from Canada and the US, a 10-year community-led project on the north shore of Lake Erie has dramatically reduced roadkill on a thoroughfare running through a UNESCO World Biosphere Reserve. A new paper estimates 89 percent fewer turtles and 28 percent fewer snakes now venture onto Ontario's Long Point Causeway, an important achievement in protecting at-risk species offering a model for other communities worldwide.
  • Government transparency limited when it comes to America's conserved private lands May 25, 2017 4:00 am
    (University of Wisconsin-Madison) A new study led by researchers at the University of Wisconsin-Madison examined why private-land conservation data is sometimes inaccessible and found that limited capacity within some federal agencies as well as laws prohibiting others from disclosing certain information are to blame.
  • Research could bring 'drastically' higher resolution to your TV and smartphone May 25, 2017 4:00 am
    (University of Central Florida) By developing a way to tune the color of individual pixels, researchers have eliminated the need for subpixels -- allowing a greater density of pixels and much higher resolution for video displays.
  • Preliminary: BRCA variations may work alongside COMT variation to reduce breast cancer May 25, 2017 4:00 am
    (George Washington University) George Washington University researchers, published in the New England Journal of Medicine, find through looking at genetic data sets of presumed cancer-free women who carry BRCA 1/2 variants, the co-occurrence of a rare COMT genetic variant in some women. This research outlines a strategy for looking at large genetic data sets for clues as to why a genetic carrier may never develop the associated diseases.
  • The best teams of the engineering competition 'Capture the Flag' were awarded May 25, 2017 4:00 am
    (Peter the Great Saint-Petersburg Polytechnic University) On May 24, at the plenary session of the International Polytechnic Week, the winners of the students' competition 'Capture the Flag' organized by Siemens LLC with the support of Peter the Great St. Petersburg Polytechnic University, were awarded. More than 60 students from various universities of St. Petersburg participated in the competition. Altogether, 11 teams competed in the framework of the event, eight of them successfully reached the finals.
  • Expressing genetic interactions through music May 25, 2017 4:00 am
    (Babraham Institute) An artistic collaboration between musician Max Cooper, visual artist Andy Lomas and researchers from the Babraham Institute in Cambridge has produced a new way to experience the elegance of DNA organization. Chromos captures the microscopic elegance of gene organization using evocative soundscapes.The music is inspired by the research of Dr Csilla Varnai at the Babraham Institute. Her work in computer modelling recreates how genetic information, recorded on DNA, is organised within living cells.
  • Solving the riddle of the snow globe May 25, 2017 4:00 am
    (American Friends of Tel Aviv University) A new Tel Aviv University study finds the sedimentation of asymmetric objects in liquid is very different from that of symmetrical objects like spheres. The research may have practical applications in improving water treatment and industrial processes.
  • MIT researchers engineer shape-shifting food May 25, 2017 4:00 am
    (Massachusetts Institute of Technology) Researchers from MIT's Tangible Media Group have concocted something akin to edible origami, in the form of flat sheets of gelatin and starch that, when submerged in water, instantly sprout into three-dimensional structures, including common pasta shapes such as macaroni and rotini.

Scientific American