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These are organized by form and function.

Communications Computation Storage Authoring Simulation
Analog Mail Device Paper Typewriter Automaton
Electronic Network Calculator Tape Recorder Elektro
Digital Internet Computer
Hardware Modem Microprocessor Memory Peripheral Robot, XR
Software Service (Web) Program (OS) Database Application AI, World

These are types of media formats.

Multimedia (Video, Animation), Image (Object), Scent, Flavor, Audio (Text), Haptic, “Other

See also Quantum Computer


These are organized by a classification scheme developed exclusively for Cosma. More…



Computer Science: A Guide to Web Resources (U. of Albany, SUNY)


computer : one that computes; specifically : a programmable usually electronic device that can store, retrieve, and process data — Webster

Computer Dictionaries Directory (CompInfo – The Computer Information Center), FOLDOC: Free Online Dictionary of Computing, OneLook, Free Dictionary, Wiktionary


Roget’s II (, Merriam-Webster Thesaurus, Visuwords


Computer is a general purpose device which can be programmed to carry out a finite set of arithmetic or logical operations. Since a sequence of operations can be readily changed, the computer can solve more than one kind of problem. — Wikipedia

David Darling’s Internet Encyclopedia of Science, Encyclopædia Britannica


Inside your computer lesson (Bettina Bair, TEDEd)


Outline of Computer Science (Wikipedia)


WolframAlpha, DuckDuckGo



IEEE Annals of the History of Computing
Computer History (I-Programmer) (People, Machines)


List of Computer Museums (Wikipedia)


WorldCat, Library of Congress, UPenn Online Books, Open Library


Computer Bibliography (CompInfo – The Computer Information Center)


Hour of


K-12 Computer Science Framework

Computer Science Teachers Association
Special Interest Group on Computer Science Education (ACM SIGCSE)


MIT OCW Electrical Engineering and Computer Science
OER Commons: Open Educational Resources



Computer and Information Scientist (US Occupational Outlook Handbook)


Association for Computing Machinery (ACM)


Important Publications in CS (Wikipedia)
Association for Computing Machinery (ACM)
EurekAlert (AAAS), Scientific American, Science News
CNET: The Computer Network, Computer World, Computer User







How to Criticize Computer Scientists: Humorous essay outlining how to effectively insult a computer scientist (Douglas E. Comer, Purdue University)
How To Destroy Your Computer: Step-by-step instructions
Computer Stupidities



SIGGRAPH 2019 Computer Animation Festival


OEDILF: The Omnificent English Dictionary In Limerick Form



See also Quantum Computer



Communications of the ACM: Computer Systems The latest news, opinion and research in computer systems, from Communications online.

  • DeepMind Releases Accurate Picture of the Human...
    on July 23, 2021 at 5:40 pm

    "We believe this represents the most significant contribution AI has made to advancing scientific knowledge to date," said DeepMind founder and CEO Demis Hassabis.

  • Partnership to Build Kubernetes Cluster for USTA
    on July 23, 2021 at 4:09 pm

    The University of Texas at San Antonio and the National Upcycled Computing Collective Inc. will provide the hardware necessary to build and maintain a Kubernetes cluster for students enrolled in upper-level software engineering courses.

  • Total Artificial Heart Successfully Transplanted...
    on July 23, 2021 at 4:00 pm

    Duke University Hospital surgeons successfully transplanted a total artificial heart developed by France's CARMAT into a 39-year-old patient who had suffered sudden heart failure.

  • Algorithm May Help Autonomous Vehicles Navigate...
    on July 23, 2021 at 4:00 pm

    An algorithm could enable autonomous vehicles to navigate crowded, narrow streets where vehicles traveling in opposite directions do not have enough space to pass each other.

  • Artificial Intelligence and the Intelligence...
    on July 22, 2021 at 5:01 pm

    The intelligence community's budget and acquisition processes rise to the top of the issues it must address before it can take full advantage of AI

EurekAlert! - Technology, Engineering and Computer Science The premier online source for science news since 1996. A service of the American Association for the Advancement of Science.

  • New US and German collaboration aims to produce...
    on July 26, 2021 at 4:00 am

    (University of Illinois College of Liberal Arts & Sciences) The US National Science Foundation and the German Research Foundation have joined forces to award the University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign and Technical University of Darmstadt a three-year $720,000 research grant to explore opportunities to more efficiently produce green hydrogen, a clean and renewable source of energy.

  • Development of a novel technology to check body...
    on July 26, 2021 at 4:00 am

    (National Research Council of Science & Technology) A research team in the Korea Institute of Science and Technology(KIST) has announced the development of a thermal-imaging sensor that overcomes the existing problems of price and operating-temperature limitations. The sensor developed in this work can operate at temperatures upto 100 °C without a cooling device and is expected to be more affordable than standard sensors on the market, which would in turn pave the way for its application […]

  • The mechanics of puncture finally explained
    on July 26, 2021 at 4:00 am

    (University of British Columbia) Soft materials, like skin, behave differently than hard materials when punctured. They provide an unstable resistance that is more difficult to describe and hence predict. Researchers at the University of British Columbia have answered the previously unsolved question of how the mechanics of piercing works on soft materials by studying solutions from the natural world, and have created a mechanical theory that finally predicts the critical force necessary for […]

  • Tweezers of sound can pick objects up...
    on July 24, 2021 at 4:00 am

    (Tokyo Metropolitan University) Tokyo, Japan - Researchers from Tokyo Metropolitan University have developed a new technology which allows non-contact manipulation of small objects using sound waves. They used a hemispherical array of ultrasound transducers to generate a 3D acoustic fields which stably trapped and lifted a small polystyrene ball from a reflective surface. Although their technique employs a method similar to laser trapping in biology, adaptable to a wider range of particle sizes […]

  • Topology in biology
    on July 23, 2021 at 4:00 am

    (Max Planck Institute for Dynamics and Self-Organization) A phenomenon known from quantum systems could now make its way into biology:In a new study published in Physical Review X, researchers from the Max Planck Institute for Dynamics and Self-Organization (MPI-DS) in Goettingen show that the notion of topological protection can also apply to biochemical networks. The model which the scientists developed makes the topological toolbox, typically used only to describe quantum systems, now also […]

Scientific American Science news and technology updates from Scientific American